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Midwifery care is based on the understanding that childbearing is a healthy progression through the life cycle. Midwives uphold pregnancy and childbirth as a state of health that is a normal physiological process, and a profound event in a person’s life.

The key philosophies of midwifery are continuity of care, informed choice, choice of birth setting and collaboration with other health professionals.

Continuity of care is a philosophy and a process that enables midwives to develop a relationship with clients and provide safe, personalized care.

Midwives recognize pregnant women as the primary decision maker, while promoting shared responsibility between their family and other professionals involved in their care.

Midwives encourage informed choice by providing complete, relevant and objective information throughout the childbearing cycle in a supportive manner. This enables clients to develop understanding, responsibility and control over their own health and that of their newborn.

Midwives’ competency and willingness to attend a person in their choice of birthplace is essential to midwifery care. All people, regardless of their socio-economic circumstances, have a right to accessible, comprehensive midwifery care.

Fundamental to midwifery care is the respect and support provided to each individual so that they may give birth safely with power and dignity.




In British Columbia, midwifery is a publicly funded service. Anyone with a valid Carecard or BC Services Card can receive midwifery care at no personal cost.

The midwifery model of practice as developed in BC is autonomous, community-based primary care, incorporating the principles of continuity of care, client informed choice, choice of birth setting, collaborative care, accountability and evidence-based practice.



A primary caregiver functions under their own responsibility, and is usually the first point of entry to health services.

As community-based health professionals, midwives offer services in clinics, offices or client’s homes. They most often work in small groups which enables them to share call while providing 24-hour availability to their clients throughout the childbearing cycle.


Continuity of care is both a philosophy and a process. It allows a relationship to develop over time between clients and their midwife or midwives, with the purpose of providing safe, individualized care.

Achieving continuity of care in group practices is coordinated through clearly documented protocols, ensuring that current information on each client is available to the on-call midwife. These protocols are guided by the College of Midwives of BC, the regulatory body that standardizes the BC midwifery model of practice.


Midwives respect the right of their clients to make informed choices by providing objective information in a supportive manner.

By allowing adequate time for discussion during pregnancy, midwives can facilitate the ongoing exchange of current, evidence-based knowledge that is relevant to a client’s unique needs.


The right of a person to make an informed choice about the setting for birth is a principle deeply respected by midwives.

Whether at home or in hospital, every birth will be attended by a minimum of two qualified caregivers. All registered midwives hold hospital privileges in order to admit and discharge their clients as needed.


To ensure the best possible care for clients, midwives co-operate and consult with other health professionals in the provision of care. As a primary caregiver, midwives provide education, counselling and advocacy to support their clients’ individual needs.

More information on the Midwifery Model of Practice can be found on the CMBC website.

(Excerpted from the Midwives' Association of British Columbia)

More questions? Click to read some Frequently Asked Questions.

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